Spondylolisthesis is characterized by one vertebra in the back slipping forward or backward from the vertebrae that surround it. The slipped vertebra can press on a nerve and can also contribute to other back issues, like spinal stenosis.
For some patients, spondylolisthesis is present at birth. It can also develop as a result of general wear and tear due to aging. Spinal injuries and tumors can also result in spondylolisthesis.
For some patients, there are no noticeable symptoms of spondylolisthesis. For others, there is pain in the lower back that resembles a muscle strain. Other symptoms include muscle spasms in the thighs, leg pain, weakness, and numbness. You may also notice a reduced range of motion. Unfortunately, this reduced range of motion and mobility can lead to an eventual loss of bone density.
A conservative treatment method is epidural injections, which delivers pain medication to the area surrounding the spinal cord for reduced inflammation and discomfort. Spinal fusion surgery is also an option, where a piece of bone is transplanted into the spine in order to fuse it and keep the spine stable.